The simplest definition says that cosmetic dentistry is a group of special treatments designed to improve the appearance of teeth. Thanks to modern technologies in equipment, special materials, and the growing experience of doctors specializing in cosmetic dentistry, patients have the opportunity to perform procedures that can significantly improve the appearance of teeth.
The changes may include reducing the color of the teeth, eliminating stains, as well as the shape of the teeth.
Dentists involved in cosmetic dentistry perform procedures such as:
- dental scaling - this is a procedure involving the removal of tartar, which accumulates primarily in the area of the so-called necks of teeth. It often leads to gum inflammation and diseases such as caries or periodontitis,
- teeth sandblasting - this procedure also contributes to tartar and plaque removal and is a sort of supplement to scaling. It is usually performed when tartar is accumulated in large amounts and scaling alone does not allow for its thorough removal. Sandblasting also reduces various types of tooth discoloration,
- overlay teeth whitening - this type of whitening treatment is usually done by yourself at home. Beforehand, however, a visit to the dentist’s office is necessary. Apart from removing tartar and cavities the dentist takes so-called impressions, i.e., a mold of the teeth shape. This allows the dentist to create perfectly fitting overlays, which the patient puts on the teeth after applying a special gel. The entire process of overlay whitening lasts from 2 to 4 weeks,
- veneers - cosmetic dentistry also deals with changing the shape of teeth. And it is for this purpose that veneers are used. They may be made of porcelain (more expensive version) or of composite material (cheaper version). They are placed on the front surface of teeth. Veneers are used both in case of permanent discoloration of a tooth, unsightly shape, and fractures.
Cosmetic dentistry: what are the contraindications?
Cosmetic dentistry procedures cannot be performed by everyone. When it comes to age restrictions, regardless of the type of procedure, the patient should be at least 16 years old. Sometimes some procedures should not be performed on people with health problems. The dentist should be informed about all the procedures, and they should assess whether the patient can use the services of cosmetic dentistry or not.
Other contraindications to this type of treatment are as follows:
- hypersensitivity or allergy to the ingredients of the preparations used for the treatment.